For decades, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has only allowed “accredited investors” (individuals who are worth $1m+, or earn $200k+ a year) to invest in private markets.
Now, the rules are being changed to allow people to get accredited if they can show “knowledge and expertise.”
2 things catalyzed this change
First, common sense. Wealth alone does not guarantee financial literacy; in the same vein, many people worth less than $1m are capable of sound investing.
Second, private companies are taking longer to hit the public markets. In 1999, the average age of a tech company at the time of IPO was 4 years; by 2014, it’s 11 years.
Why does this second reason matter?
In the past, when tech companies IPO’d earlier, public market investors were able to realize the bulk of the gains. In today’s market, those rewards are increasingly monopolized by private investors.
Just take a look at 2 major IPOs — one from 1997, the other from 2019:
- 1997: Amazon IPO’d 3 years after its founding at a valuation of $438m; since then, public investors have seen $1.6T+ in growth.
- 2019: Uber IPO’d 10 years after its founding at a valuation of $70B; since then, public investors have seen a loss of ~$10B.
The SEC’s rule change won’t open the floodgates, but it’s a promising start.