Brief - The Hustle

Where the hell are all the shipping containers?

Written by Ethan Brooks | Mar 26, 2021 8:24:51 AM

A critical shortage of shipping containers is boosting cargo fees and sending shockwaves through global supply chains.

We know what you’re thinking — and no, you can’t blame this scarcity on hipsters using them to build tiny houses

So what’s going?

The pandemic disrupted normal trade patterns

While some regions were in lockdown, others opened back up quickly, causing an imbalance in commerce and a host of ripple effects:

  • Temporarily closed US factories left a backlog of unclaimed cargo at domestic ports, causing bottlenecks.
  • Exports from Asia swelled during lockdown as retailers like Walmart and Home Depot shipped 300% their normal volume.
  • China’s now facing a massive container shortage, slowing exports and boosting demand for returning containers.

There’s currently a 40% imbalance, meaning that for every 100 containers entering the US, only 40 are sent back overseas. And 3 out of 4 of those going from the US to Asia are sent back empty.

That’s a huge deal, considering that ~39% of all US imports come from China.

The cost of shipping a container is up ~200% over last year

Meanwhile, orders for new containers sank during the pandemic, and data from Hillebrand shows that, globally, we’re scrapping more containers than we’re producing, leading to further shortages and price hikes.

All of this was before a ship stuck in the Suez Canal blocked ~12% of the world’s seaborne trade.

Forbes reports that the bulk of this economic burden will fall on consumers, with prices on food and other staples rising.